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Article Publication logo January 27, 2021

12 Portraits of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee

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A view of mountains in the Petungkriyono forest area, Indonesia.
Anglais

Discussions about forests cannot be separated from their function and survival. Often the forest is...

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Farmer picks coffee beans from tree
Mantan pemburu hewan Tasuri sekarang mendapatkan penghasilan dengan bekerja di industri kopi yang berkelanjutan. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.

Pekalongan, IDN Times - Indonesia is famous for Luwak coffee. From other Mammals, in Pekalongan, Central Java, there is Owa Coffee. 

Owa coffee is not the same as Luwak coffee because it is the fruit of the conservation efforts of the Owa Jawa (Javan gibbon), an endemic primate species from Java that is found in the tropical rainforest of Petungkriyono, Pekalongan

The forest’s vulnerability is quite high, ranging from illegal poaching, illegal logging, to encroachment. Even though these trees are the habitat of the Javan Gibbon. Economic factors are the motive for poachers to never give up their activities of destroying forests and hunting animals. 

The coffee commodity is used to attract their interest from this prohibited action as well as to divert extractive activities into a productive economy, so that they no longer destroy forests. One of the hunters who became aware was Tasuri, who is now no longer destroying the forest. He processes the typical forest coffee as a step to save the Javan Gibbon and the forest to remain sustainable.

This is a portrait of the efforts of conservation using typical coffee for tropical rainforests of Petungkriyono. 

12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
In the past, Tasuri (52) was a famous skilled wood and bird hunter in the Petungkriyono Forest. He has been working since the post-reform era. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
Tasuri cuts down trees for timber and captures birds with high economic value, like the Pohon Babi ( Crypteronia sp ) and Cica-daun Hijau ( Chloropsis sonnerati ). Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
At that time, the selling price of birds was IDR 2 million per bird. From timber, Tasuri can earn up to IDR 2 million per month. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
The action stopped around 2008. Tasuri realized that his actions were actually destroying the forest and everything in it, including the endemic species of the Javan gibbon. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
He is focused on pursuing the typical forest Robusta coffee commodity, starting from post-harvest until processing is improved. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
Tasuri only selects and sorts the red beans coffee then sells in the market. The green bean price is IDR 40 thousand per kilogram. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
He involved his wife, Kunapah, to participate in the packaging of Owa Kopi, as part of gender equality in efforts to conserve the Petungkriyono forest. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
Apart from being sold online , local residents around the forest also sell Owa Coffee in a conventional manner for additional family economics, helping the local economy. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
Tasuri also involves women in the coffee nursery process. These seeds are given free of charge to fellow hunters. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
The granting of seeds is intended so that hunters have activities and no longer encroach and destroy the forest, turning extractive activities into productive ones. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
That way, they get income from coffee in a sustainable manner, while the Javan Gibbon and other species in the forest are well preserved. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.
12 Portrait of Tropical Rainforest Conservation in Pekalongan with Owa Coffee
Tasuri is a real example for fellow hunters - that the use of coffee can support the family's economy and protect the forest. Photo by Dhana Kencana. Indonesia, 2020.

The Robusta coffee tree in Petungkriyono forest has blended with the forest because it is more than 10 years old. They are grown organically. Therefore, the harvesting capacity of Owa coffee cannot be a benchmark.

This condition makes the quality and taste of Owa coffee superior to plantation-grown coffee commodities because it grows under the forest trees (shade grown coffee). In the beginning, the coffee trees were planted deliberately by hunters. As time went on they grew wild in the forest, including the disposal of the seeds which are eaten by the Javan Gibbon. 

Owa coffee products are also sold in several countries besides Indonesia, such as in Singapore and the United States. Among them at the Singapore Zoo