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Story Publication logo May 17, 2021

The Natural and Human Factors Behind Forest Fires in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (bahasa Indonesia)


Mount Bromo with smoke, with Mount Batok in the foreground, and Mount Kursi and Mount Gunung Semeru in the background, volcano, in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Image courtesy of Shutterstrock. Indonesia, date unknown.

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Several months after the fire and the ground began to cool, the people of Ranu Pani village, Senduro sub-district, Lumajang district, East Java, and a number of volunteers are replanting the formerly burnt land. Image by Titik Kartitiani/Ekuatorial. Indonesia, 2021.

The story excerpt below was translated from bahasa Indonesia. To read the original story in full, visit Ekuatorial. You may also view the original story on the Rainforest Journalism Fund website here. Our website is available in English, Spanish, bahasa Indonesia, French, and Portuguese.

One morning in November 2019, Andi Zulkarnain and his team drove from Tumpang District in Malang Regency to Ranu Pani Village, Senduro District, in Lumajang Regency in Indonesia. The forest around them looked burnt along both the left and right sides of the highway they drove through in the area of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS), East Java. Sometimes the fires still burn. The air was heavy with smoke.

The fire has burned the land that Zulkarnain, along with local residents, has been cultivating for years. Everything they worked on is now scorched. The trees that they cared for every day and had grown to a trunk diameter of 20 cm were also burned.