Agrarian conflicts are part of Brazil's history: On one hand, social movements are strengthened and pressured for agrarian reform; on the other hand, political groups and landowners try to stop any progress on the issue while criminals terrorize rural populations, even killing recognized activists. Few of these crimes reach the judiciary, falling into oblivion. A part of this impunity is due to the lack of defenders to deal with so many demands. The Pastoral Land Commission counted 2,054 occurrences in 2020 alone, involving 914,144 people.

Rural workers and traditional populations have little access to legal counsel, while landowners have a large supply of these services, not to mention the nefarious involvement of public servants, judges, and politicians. It is in this context that, at the beginning of 2022, the first Amazonian graduation ceremony for the Land Law course of PRONERA (National Program of Education in Agrarian Reform) took place at the University of the South and Southeast of Pará, in Marabá, exclusively for students linked to agrarian reform, coming from settlements, forest reserves, quilombos, and Indigenous lands.